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Moved to your own thread.
Artemis is the "Active Protection" component of Security Center. If something new and suspicious is detected, VirusScan refers to the central database and if it can't find it in the database, labels it as Generic!Artemis.
The Threat Center works on it to either give it a proper name or clear it, if it's a false detection.
There's a sticky devoted to it and how to deal with it & other detections here: http://community.mcafee.com/showthread.php?t=228162
I'm wondering if you could have avoided wiping your hard drive by perhaps running VirusScan in Safe Mode along with a good malware detector such as Malwarebytes.
For future reference to run VirusScan in Safe Mode go to the drive or folder in My Computer (XP), Computer (Vista) and right-click, then select "Scan". All you'll see is an extra taskbar icon. Hovering over it gives a progress report.
Malwarebytes and other tools can be found in this sticky: http://community.mcafee.com/showthread.php?t=136913